Vaccines are here to help protect against serious illness from COVID-19. Due to limited initial supply, health care workers, first responders, and residents and staff of long-term care facilities will be the first to receive the vaccine. Supplies will continually increase in the weeks and months that follow.

Maryland COVID-19 Vaccine Priority Groups

Maryland will distribute the vaccines to five different priority groups based on relative risk of exposure or developing serious illness.


  • All licensed, registered and certified health care providers
  • Front line hospital staff
  • Nursing home residents and staff
  • Assisted living, independent living, and other congregate facilities
  • Law enforcement and firefighters, EMS
  • Education staff, including K-12 teachers, support staff and daycare providers
  • Correctional health care staff and officers
  • Front line judiciary staff
  • Continuity of government
  • Adults age 75 and older


Phase 1B

Phase 1A

  • Health care workers
  • Residents and staff of nursing homes
  • First responders, public safety, corrections

*Maryland is currently in this stage.

Phase 1B*

  • Assisted living, other congregate settings
  • Adults ages 75 and older
  • Education and continuity of government

*Maryland is currently in this stage.

Phase 1C- Maryland will move into Phase 1C on Mon., Jan. 25 

  • Adults ages 65-74
  • Essential workers in lab services, agriculture, manufacturing, postal service, etc.

Phase 2

  • Adults 16-64 at increased risk of severe COVID-19 illness due to comorbidities
  • Essential workers in critical utilities, transportation, food service, etc.

Phase 3

  • General population, including healthy adults ages 16-64


Vaccine prioritization may be subject to change. The state has adopted a rolling vaccine allocation model, meaning it may not wait for every member of a particular group to get vaccinated before moving ahead; individuals will still have the opportunity to be vaccinated in subsequent phases.

Registration Process

Eligibility Prescreening Form: In anticipation of the next phases of vaccine distribution (1B), Cecil County Health Department will be prescreening individuals for eligibility prior to booking vaccine clinic appointments. This will assist us with planning for clinics going forward. If you are eligible to receive vaccine in Phase 1A, 1B, and 1C , please complete our  screening form and we will contact you with registration information once vaccination clinics are available for your priority group. For those without Internet access, please call 410-996-1005 for assistance.

We will begin collecting information on individuals eligible in Phases 2 and 3 in the near future.

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What are the Vaccines?

Vaccines Status Dosing Efficacy Potential Side
Pfizer Vaccine has been authorized for emergency use Two doses, delivered three weeks apart 95% effective at preventing serious illness Injection-site pain, fatigue, headaches, chills
Moderna Vaccine has been authorized for emergency use Two doses, delivered four weeks apart 94.1% effective at preventing serious illness Injection-site pain, fatigue, muscle aches, joint pain, headaches, chills
AstraZeneca Vaccine trials are ongoing Two doses, delivered four weeks apart. NOTE: A half-dose may be recommended for the first dose. Fever, muscle ache, headache, injection-site pain

Why Should You Get the Vaccine?

It helps to protect you and those around you from COVID-19.

Promising results
Early clinical trials show the vaccines are highly effective in preventing serious illness.

These vaccines are the path forward to ending the COVID-19 pandemic.

Minimal side effects
Most of the participants in clinical trials had minimal side effects. The most common were soreness at injection site, fever, or body aches.