Monkeypox General Information

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Maryland has identified cases in the state. Case counts reported by the CDC can are found here.

Monkeypox infection can make you sick with flu-like symptoms and a rash that can look like pimples or blisters. Monkeypox is rarely fatal. For the general public, the current risk of getting monkeypox is low.

Anyone in close contact with a monkeypox patient is at risk, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.​

If you suspect exposure to monkeypox, please consult your medical provider.

The Maryland Department of Health has a FAQ sheet available here.

Signs, Symptoms, and Transmission

Symptoms of monkeypox can include:

  • ​Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and backache
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • A rash that can look like pimples or blisters that appear on the face, inside the mouth, and on other parts of the body, like the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus
  • The rash goes through different stages before healing completely. The illness typically lasts 2-4 weeks. Sometimes, people get a rash first, followed by other symptoms. Others only experience a rash.

Transmission
A person with monkeypox can spread from the time symptoms start until the rash has fully healed and a fresh layer of skin has formed. The illness typically lasts 2-4 weeks. Infection of monkeypox through semen or vaginal fluids has not been confirmed.

  • ​Direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs, or body fluids
  • Respiratory secretions during prolonged, face-to-face contact or intimate physical contact, such as kissing, cuddling, or sex
    touching items (such as clothing or linens) that previously touched the infectious rash or body fluids
  • Pregnant women can spread the virus to their fetus through the placenta
  • It’s also possible for people to get monkeypox from infected animals, either by being scratched or bitten by the animal, by preparing or eating meat, or by using products from an infected animal.

Prevention

Take the following steps to prevent getting monkeypox:​

  • Avoid close, skin-to-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like monkeypox.
    ○ Do not touch the rash or scabs of a person with monkeypox.
    ○ Do not kiss, hug, cuddle or have sex with someone with monkeypox.
  • Avoid contact with objects and materials that a person with monkeypox has used.

○ Do not share eating utensils or cups with a person with monkeypox.
○ Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with monkeypox.

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially before eating or touching your face and after you use the bathroom.

 Vaccination

Individuals who believe they were exposed to monkeypox or have an illness that could be monkeypox should contact their healthcare provider.

The Cecil County Health Department has a limited supply of monkeypox vaccines for those who have been named as close contacts of a confirmed case. As more supply becomes available, eligibility to receive the vaccine will be expanded.

As more vaccine becomes available and if you are eligible for the vaccine, we will contact you
and schedule an appointment. Please note that
preregistration does not guarantee an invitation to schedule an appointment.

Pre-registration Form